Skip to content

CEDRIG Light

Rapport PDF

Cambodian Horticulture Project Advancing Income and Nutrition (CHAIN) phase 3

Vue d'ensemble

Informations Générales

Auteur

Moritz Krüger

Dernière mise à jour

novembre 2020

Objectif général

Promotion of horticulture value chains in Preah Vihear, Stung Treng, Kratie and Oddar Meanchey provinces, with a strong focus on women and delivering sustainable income growth and improved household food security and resilience

Pays

  • Cambodge

Budget

CHF 1.900.000

Durée de l’activité

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2022

Sommaire

Description

In Cambodia, more than 20 % of the rural poor suffer from food insecurity. The increasing market demand for vegetable and fruits provides a huge opportunity for small holder farmers and processors, in particular women to increase income and food security. The Cambodia Horticulture Advancing Income and Nutrition (CHAIN) project supports farmers in increasing sustainable production, income and resilience in four of the poorest provinces of Cambodia - Kratie, Stung Treng, Preah Vihear and Oddar Manchey. With the particular focus on the fruits and vegetables sector, CHAIN tackles market system constraints to improve the service delivery to poor farmers households, women headed households and ethnic minorities. CHAIN will support smallholder farmers to diversify into growing fruit and vegetables through the introduction of smart horticultural techniques and market linkages required to generate much-needed additional income, and it will also address poor household nutrition by introducing diversification of diets.

Termes clés

  • agriculture and food security

Secteurs d’intervention

  • Agriculture
  • Sécurité alimentaire
  • Développement rural
  • Gestion de l’eau
  • Vegetables Production
  • Marketing

Images

  • Open home garden in Kratie provinceOpen home garden in Kratie province
  • Farmers group planningFarmers group planning
  • Round Year vegetables production in Plastic Net Round Year vegetables production in Plastic Net

Logos

Perspective des risques

Aléas naturels (hydro-météorologiques et géologiques)

Nom de l'aléa

Vagues de chaleur

Exposition

Oui

Commentaires

Heat wave in 2016 destroyed many plots of vegetables farms . In 2016, People have to buy drinking water, the prices of water has almost three times increased

Conséquence

higher freshwater demand for people and livestock. The level of water in many rivers are very low

Description de la conséquence

People and animal get sick . Farmers earned less income

Probabilité

Très probable

Gravité

Peu nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque moyen

Conséquence

slower and reduced labour work

Probabilité

Probable

Gravité

Peu nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque faible

Conséquence

Heatstroke in particular for elderly and children

Probabilité

Probable

Gravité

Nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque moyen

Nom de l'aléa

Sécheresses

Exposition

Oui

Commentaires

In 2019 and 2020, most of water ponds were dried up, water level in many river are very low in historical and ground water level are dept. Deforestation reduce groundwater recharge, and increase evaporation and water demand during dry/hot season.

Conséquence

reduced water availability

Description de la conséquence

Reduced water availability for household consumption and agriculture, particularly of paddy rice, cassava, rubber, and maize.

Probabilité

Très probable

Gravité

Nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque élevé

Conséquence

loss of crop production & income

Description de la conséquence

Partially severe economic losses (also due to the lack of business continuity planning) for rice and vegetable farmers. Households with limited to no savings are left to buy seeds for next season or drinking water. Impacts from strong droughts may be felt for up to 2 years. As a result of low coping mechanisms, some communities may not recover from such loss.

Probabilité

Très probable

Gravité

Nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque élevé

Conséquence

long-term immigration

Description de la conséquence

migration occurs in various forms, both part-time and permanently, to urban areas, neighbouring countries or provinces

Probabilité

Probable

Gravité

Très nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque élevé

Nom de l'aléa

Inondations

Exposition

Oui

Commentaires

Flash flood in 2019, have destroyed some houses and many vegetables farms were washed away. Dam broken in Laos in 2018 destoyed hundreds of houses in two provinces. Many people were evacuated.

Conséquence

loss of crop production & income

Description de la conséquence

Long-lasting episodes with too much rain cause rotting of rice plants & vegetables during rainy season. The existing drainage and irrigation practices used by communities are largely insufficient to ensure the survival of crops and seeds during and after intense rain episodes followed by severe droughts.

Probabilité

Très probable

Gravité

Nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque élevé

Conséquence

destruction of houses & infrastructure, disruption of market access

Probabilité

Très probable

Gravité

Nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque élevé

Nom de l'aléa

Tempêtes, tornades et/ou ouragans, vents forts, tempêtes de sable

Exposition

Oui

Commentaires

Seasonal storms and strong winds destroyed over than 1000 houses and thousands of trees. Lightening killed animals and people

Conséquence

Damage to houses and buildings.

Description de la conséquence

Destruction of light agricultural infrastructure (bamboo scaffolding, nets etc.), damage to houses and critical roads/bridges. Storms and strong winds are observed more frequently in past years. Impacts are rather local.

Probabilité

Probable

Gravité

Peu nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque faible

Aléas dûs à la dégradation de l’environnement

Nom de l'aléa

Déforestation

Exposition

Oui

Commentaires

Massive deforestation in Cambodia is highly likely to be the root cause of the devastating change in the observed rainfall pattern. It is caused by legal (attribution of land concession to foreign companies, building of roads in forested area, etc…) and illegal logging.

Conséquence

Alteration of hydrological cycle and micro-climate, reduced water availability

Description de la conséquence

The changed hydrological cycle has increased the frequency of both floods and droughts.

Probabilité

Très probable

Gravité

Très nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque élevé

Nom de l'aléa

Nuisibles et épidémies

Exposition

Oui

Commentaires

locust, rats, flea beetle larvae

Conséquence

loss of income and crop production

Description de la conséquence

Invasion of flea beetle larvae (Chrysomelidae: Alticini), which leads to a severe destruction of vegetables, especially root and leaf vegetables. Occurrence increased in the past 3-4 years.

Probabilité

Probable

Gravité

Nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque moyen

Nom de l'aléa

Pollution de l’eau (en surface et souterraine)

Exposition

Oui

Commentaires

In 2018, warm army destroyed over than 10,000 ha of corn plantation. Water pollution is concern recently in Cambodia

Conséquence

loss of fishery resources and income

Description de la conséquence

Seasonal, severe invasion of Mekong river by a fist-thick layer of algae/aquatic plants which completely disrupt the normal fishing activities. This phenomenon started recently (around 2010-2012) and is observed in its maximum extension since a couple of years only.

Probabilité

Probable

Gravité

Nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque moyen

Aléas dûs aux changements climatiques (et à la variabilité du climat)

Nom de l'aléa

Tendances générales à l’augmentation ou à la diminution des températures moyennes

Exposition

Pas sûr

Commentaires

higher mean annual temperature +5-10% (rel. term)

Conséquence

higher water demand for people, livestock and agriculture

Probabilité

Probable

Gravité

Nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque moyen

Conséquence

decrease of crop productivity

Description de la conséquence

Decrease in suitability in the production of paddy rice, (++) cassava (++), soya (+), maize (+), rubber (+), and in livestock rearing (+).

Probabilité

Probable

Gravité

Nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque moyen

Conséquence

diminishing of groundwater resources

Probabilité

Très probable

Gravité

Nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque élevé

Nom de l'aléa

Changements dans la fréquence et l’intensité des phénomènes météorologiques extrêmes (ex : vagues de froid ou de chaleur, inondations, sécheresses, tempêtes, ouragans, cyclones)

Exposition

Oui

Commentaires

higher frequency and unpredictability of high rainfall events

Conséquence

loss of crop production due to non-timely sowing and planting (traditional knowledge is no longer applicable)

Probabilité

Probable

Gravité

Très nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque élevé

Conséquence

Higher irregularity of the rainy season

Description de la conséquence

Earlier onset of the hot season and prolonged duration. Shortened rainy season. A new sequence of flood-drought-flood episodes is observed during the rainy season: flood episode in June-July (too much rain) followed by drought in August (no rain at all), immediately followed by flood situation Aug-Sept (too much rain). This lead to higher demand for adequate early warning systems. Rain was delayed in 2019 and 2020, started only in mid of June.

Probabilité

Probable

Gravité

Très nuisible

Importance du risque

Risque élevé

Évaluation détaillée des risques nécessaire ?

Oui – Une évaluation détaillée des risques est nécessaire.

Perspective des impacts

Estimer l’impact sur les changements climatiques

Élément de l’activité

None

Estimer l’impact sur l’environnement

Milieu environnemental

Eau

Élément de l’activité

Capacity building of farmers and processors for increased sustainable production, including year-round production and performance

Impact sur l’environnement

Higher agricultural performance and year-round production will increase the demand for water resources.

Estimer l’impact sur les risques de catastrophe

Élément de l’activité

Improved income and productivity of smallholder horticulture

Nouveau risque ou risque accentué

More cycles of horticulture production may put pressure on the already stressed water resources in some places even more in some places. An integrated water resources management, based on surface & groundwater is needed, not to exacerbate the risk of future droughts.

Évaluation détaillée des impacts nécessaire ?

Oui – Une évaluation détaillée des impacts est nécessaire.